and endeavor, these two words symbolize the essential spirit of the people of
Punjab. Since Independence, over 5 decades, the state has earned its epithet: "of Granary India" through the enterprising spirit, and
untiring toil of its people.
average growth rate of 10% is amongst the highest in the country, clearly
reflecting the progressive economy of the state .Punjab also boasts a 58%
literacy rate and the highest percapita income in India. Today's Punjab has
become a land of boundless opportunities, offering distinct advantages for
investment and industry.
A state, whose name is synonymous with exuberance, prosperity
and an intense passion for life, Punjab or 'Panj Aab' literally meaning five
rivers, is, as it were, the very heart of the country. Blessed with extremely
fertile soil, Punjab is watered by the rivers Beas, Sutlej, Ravi and Ghaggar.
Punjab witnessed heavy destruction and damage during Partition, yet, it is one
of the most affluent states in the country, today. The per - capita income of
the state is nearly twice the all - India average. The mainstay of Punjab's
economy, and the source of its affluence is agriculture. Nearly 84 percent of
the total geographical area of the state is under cultivation.
The major city in Punjab is Amritsar, the holy town of the Sikhs. The famous
Golden Temple stands at the centre of this city, which is visited by people from
all over the world. Other places of tourist interest in Punjab are the Durgiana
Mandir and Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Takhat Kesgarh Sahib in Anandpur Sahib,
the Bhakra Dam complex and the Sodal temple at Jalandhar.
Chandigarh,is the capital of Haryana and Punjab.It has been
designed by French architect LeCorbusier.Due to this architecture,Chandigarh is
the first 'planned' city of India, covering an area of 56 square kilometers.The city is named on the name of Goddess Chandi Devi,whose white-domed temple stands
on the slope of a hill in the north-east of Chandigarh,on the edge of the
It was built in 1953 and although the capital of two states, it is
administered by the Central Government, Since 1986 there has been talk about
including it in Punjab on the basis of language. Its altitude is 1150 ft. and
its area is 114 sq. kms. The population is 640,725 or
5,632 residents per sq. km. This makes Chandigarh the 6th most densely populated
district of India. Literacy rate 78.73% or fourth place in the whole of India.
There are too few females here - only 790 to every 1000 males!
What To See : :
Rock Garden by Nekchand :
Built with multicoloured
pieces of useless stones and other throw-away objects. This magic garden covers
an area of 6 acres. All visitors to Chandigarh should see the garden. In summer
it is open from 9-13.00 hrs. and again 15-19.00 hrs. Tickets 50 paise. From
October to March, they are open from 9-13.00 hrs. and 14-18.00 hrs
Sukhna Lake :
Area 3 sq.
kms. in sector 6. Even
local residents take walks along the shores of this artificial lake. There is
boating arrangement on all days except Mondays.
The Secretariat and High Court builings of
Chandigarh are veritable proofs of the architectural talent of La Corbousier.
They are models of modernity. One can enjoy an excellent view of the city from
the roof of the Secretariat. To see the Secretariat and the Assembly one has to
take permits from the Reception Desk, 10-12 hrs. They are open from 9-16.30 hrs.
One can visit them even on Sundays and holidays. The doors of the High Court are
open to all. Its double roof gives protection from the heat of the sun and also
looks like the shell of an enormous tortoise. These two buildings stand beside
at sector 1.
General Enquiry Tel-131
Reservation Enquiry Tel- 653131
Airport Tel- 656029
Reservation Tel- 704539
Govt. Medical College
It is the home of the world famous Golden Temple founded by
Guru Ramdas, the fourth Guru of the Sikhs, in the year 1579. Amritsar is the
most important seat of Sikh history and culture, trade, and also, the gateway
for travellers coming to India, on the overland route through Pakistan. Diwali,
Baisakhi, Basant and Gurparabs are the main festivals celebrated in Amritsar.
What to See :
The Golden Temple
The globally renown
Golden Temple, Harmandir Sahib, which enshrines the Holy Book of the Sikhs, the
Guru Granth Sahib, is located in Amritsar. Amritsar, literally 'a pool of
nectar', was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ram Das, who had
initially constructed a pool here. The vital nucleus of Sikhism, Amritsar is
also believed to be the site, where Sage Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana.
According to popular belief, Rama and Sita had spent a brief period of their 14
year exile here. Guru Arjun Dev - Nanak V(1563-1606) laid down the foundation of
the temple in 1589. He requested his great contemporary Muslim mystic, Mir
Mohammed Muayyinul Islam, popularly known as Mian Mir, to lay the foundation
stone. The construction of the temple was completed in late sixteenth century.
It was rebuilt by the Sikh ruler, Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1803. The Golden
Temple is a two storey marble structure, with an imposing dome of pure gold. The
architecture of the Golden Temple, is a blend of Hindu and Muslim styles. The
golden dome is meant to represent an inverted lotus flower. The interior of the
temple is decorated with semi precious stones, frescoes and glass work. The Akal
Takht, or immortal throne, established by the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind,
is the supreme seat of Sikh religious authority, and is also the repository of
ancient weapons, used by the Sikh warriors and Gurus. The original copy of the
Granth Sahib, which is kept in the Golden Temple during the day, is
ceremoniously returned to the Akal Takht, at night.
The Temple Interior
The gnarled old Jubi Tree in the north west corner of the compound, is believed
to possess special powers. It was planted 450 years ago, by the Golden Temple's
first high priest, Baba Buddhaya. Guru-ka-Langar or the communal canteen, is
towards the eastern entrance of the temple complex, and it provides free food to
all visitors, regardless of colour, creed, caste or gender. Pilgrims and
visitors to the Golden Temple, must remove their shoes and cover their heads,
before entering the temple premises. The best time to visit the temple is early
in the morning, on weekdays, before it gets crowded.
Other places to See :
Near the Golden Temple, is Jallianwala Bagh, a poignant memorial
of the Freedom Movement. This garden was the site of a brutal massacre of over
2000 innocent unarmed people, on the orders of a British General on April 13,
1919. The bullet scarred walls of the well kept garden, today, enclose a
memorial with an eternal flame, dedicated to the martyrs.
13, 1919: The black day for the people of
punjab, as it was on this day
the British troops opened fire on a crowd of unarmed Indian protesters,
killing a large number. It left a permanent scar on Indo-British relations and
was the prelude to Mahatma Gandhi's Non-cooperation Movement of 1920-22.
1919 the British government of India enacted the Rowlatt Acts, extending its
World War I emergency powers to combat subversive activities. At Amritsar,
Punjab (Pa˝jab) district, about 10,000 demonstrators unlawfully protesting
these measures confronted troops commanded by Brig. Gen. Reginald E.H. Dyer in
an open space known as the Jallianwalla Bagh, which had only one exit. The
troops fired on the crowd, killing an estimated 379 and wounding about 1,200,
according to one official report. The shooting was followed by the proclamation
of martial law, public floggings, and other humiliations. The Hunter Commission
condemned General Dyer (1920), but the House of Lords praised his action, and a
fund was raised in his honour.
outside the Lohagarh gate of the old city, is dedicated to Goddess Durga, and is
a centre of pilgrimage for devout Hindus. Other attractions are Ram Bagh Garden,
encircling the palace of the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh; Fort Gobind Garh, which
was built by Ranjit Singh in 1805-09; Baba Atal Rai Tower; Baba Bakale, a
gurudwara dedicated to Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs and Taran Taran, a
gurudwara in the memory of Guru Ram Das.
Ludhiana which was earlier
known as Mir Hota , a small village, was named as Lodiana after the Lodis,
the dynasty, which ruled at Delhi from A. D. 1451 to 1526. The two Lodi chiefs,
Yusuf Khan and Nihang Khan, deputed by Sikandar Lodi (A. D. 1489-1517) came to
Mir Hota (Now Ludhiana) to restore the order. Yusuf Khan crossed the Sutlej to
check the Khokhars and settled at Sultanpur. Nihang Khan remained at Mir Hota
and called the place Lodiana which with the passage of time becomes Ludhiana.
An important industrial town, Ludhiana is famous for its
hosiery goods. Woollen garments produced here are sold all over the world. The
famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of Ludhiana.
Rural olympics of Qila Raipur, Chharpper Mela, and Kila Mela at Pau, attract
lakhs every year.
Patiala presents a beautiful banquet of the life style even
to a casual visitor to the city. A brilliant spectrum of Rajpoot, Mughal and
Punjabi cultures, a fine blend of modernity and a tradition and synthesis of all
whatever is beautiful in form and bold in spirit conjure up a vision called Patiala
Patiala has magnificent forts, palaces and gardens. The
Quilla Mubarak, the nucleus of Patiala, houses impressive armoury and
chandeliers. Patiala also produces some exquisite handicrafts.
Sirhind was an important city of the Mughal period. It has a
number of fine mosques and tombs. It was here, in the ancient Sirhind Fort built
by Firoze Tughlak, that the two young sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked
alive, when they refused to embrace Islam. The Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara marks
the spot . Closeby is the Rauza of Hazrat Mujadadud-din Altaf Sheikh Ahmed
Farooqu, regarded by many Muslims to be only second to the Prophet Mohammed.
Jalandhar is renowned for its sports goods, and is an important
industrial centre. Monuments of this city include the 800 years old Imam Nasir
Mausoleum, Devi Tala and the 400 years old Jama Masjid.
Located in the district of Ludhiana, Sanghol is an important
archaeological site. Excavations of the site have yielded coins of the Nomadic
rulers Toramana and Mahiragula. A Buddhist stupa was excavated in 1968. In
February 1985, a rich collection of 117 intricately carved stone slabs, pillars
and crossbars relating to the Kushan dynasty, were excavated. These treasures
have since been showcased in the Museum at Sanghol.